Second part of a WADA-commissioned investigation report details extent of cover-up at Moscow World Championships and how Russian Olympic team “corrupted” London Games
Further details on the extent of Russian doping cover-ups at events including the 2013 IAAF World Championships in Moscow and the London 2012 Olympic Games have been revealed in the second part of a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)-commissioned report.
Speaking at a press conference in London, the author of the independent investigation report, Canadian sports lawyer Richard McLaren, described a “cover-up that operated on an unprecedented scale”, with over 1000 Russian athletes across more than 30 sports said to have been involved in or benefited from a state-sponsored doping programme between 2011 and 2015.
The publication of this second report follows part one which was released in July and investigated allegations made by the former head of Russia’s national anti-doping laboratory, Grigory Rodchenkov.
The report released on July 18 detailed ‘Disappearing Positive Methodology’, which was described as a “state-dictated failsafe system” put in place to protect doped Russian athletes.
The second report builds on that and also includes details on sample swapping at the Moscow World Championships and ‘washout testing’, which the report states was used to determine whether athletes on a doping programme were likely to test positive at an event.
Regarding the impact on London 2012, and not restricted just to athletics, McLaren said: “The Russian Olympic team corrupted the London Games on an unprecedented scale, the extent of which will probably never be fully established.
“This corruption involved the ongoing use of prohibited substances, washout testing and false reporting.”
The report states that following London 2012, “weaknesses in the washout testing and doping cover up scheme became evident”.
The year 2013 is described in the report as the “game changer” in the planning for the Winter Games in Sochi, with two major international events to be held in Russia providing the opportunity for a “trial run of the new doping cover up method”. Those events were the World University Games and IAAF World Championships.
The report states that an “improved system” of washout testing was implemented ahead of the Moscow World Championships, with McLaren (the Independent Person or ‘IP’) having forwarded ‘washout lists’ to the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).
“In total the IP referred the names of 33 athletes to the IAAF,” the report reads in part. “The IP derived these names from the washout lists, intelligence from Dr. Rodchenkov where he specifically recalled swapping their samples, and other intelligence.
“The IAAF has agreed to retest the samples belonging to these athletes and depending on the results, it may test all of the Russian samples. Based on its evidence, the IP has also recommended that the IAAF retest Russian samples from the Daegu Championships.”
On sample swapping at the World Championships, the report states: “Upon the completion of the Moscow Championships, dirty samples of at least 4 Russian Athletics athletes were swapped, including a sample belonging to Tatyana Lysenko.
“The IP has provided this intelligence to the International Association of Athletics Federations (“IAAF”) in addition to names of another 32 athletes.”
The full Independent McLaren Investigation Report Part II can be found here. The Report Part II is accompanied by an Evidentiary Disclosure Package (EDP) website, which contains non-confidential evidence that the investigation team examined.
In a statement in response to the second McLaren report, the IAAF said: “The IAAF agrees with Prof. McLaren that it is time that this manipulation stops and with this aim has been working in close cooperation with Prof. McLaren’s team and WADA and continues to do so.
“Based on the individual athletes that Prof. McLaren’s team have shared with us, over half (53%) of the elite athletes have already been sanctioned or are currently undergoing disciplinary proceedings. We will follow up on the rest as soon as the evidence from the IP’s investigation is made available to us via WADA.”
The world governing body added that Russian samples from IAAF World Championships up to and including Moscow 2013 have been, or are in the process of being, reanalysed. “At this stage three further samples from Osaka 2007 have been reported as Adverse Analytical Findings and results from Daegu 2011 are due next week. In total in 2016, 35 Russian athletes have been sanctioned or charged with an ADRV (anti-doping rule violation) by the IAAF (not counting the meldonium cases),” added the statement.
IAAF president Seb Coe commented: “The IAAF has been at the forefront of anti-doping since 1928 when we were the first international federation to prohibit doping in sport. We will continue to test intelligently, retest smartly, work collaboratively and seek swift justice.
“The independent Athletics Integrity Unit launching in April 2017 will give us, and clean athletes the world over, the strongest platform possible to deliver this.”
Russian track and field athletes remain banned from international competition following the suspension of the Russian Athletics Federation (RusAF) as an IAAF Member in November 2015.
Following the release of the second part of the McLaren report, International Olympic Committee president Thomas Bach announced that all samples of Russian athletes that participated in the London 2012 Games would be tested.
IOC President Thomas Bach on McLaren Report pic.twitter.com/gPCZqcvggh
— IOC MEDIA (@iocmedia) December 9, 2016
Meanwhile, Dmitry Shlyakhtin has been re-elected as president of RusAF, beating 2008 Olympic high jump gold medallist Andrei Silnov. Two-time Olympic pole vault gold medallist Yelena Isinbayeva had withdrawn prior to the election having recently become chair of the new supervisory board of the Russian Anti-Doping Agency.